When we are seeking for environmental friendly technologies, then in regard of web hosting Green Hosting is an emerging trend that is a must consideration for the present scenario. As the use of internet is increasing day by day number of servers to hold the websites is also increasing resulting in increased environmental pollution due to increase in consumption of energy. Thus green hosting is an important factor for consideration as it can reduce pollution caused by the servers to a great extent.
Eco-friendly web hosting
Renewable energy technologies are clean sources of energy that have much lower environmental impact thanconventional energy technologies, as they require less maintenance, economical and provides environment security by producing very little waste products such as carbon dioxide, or other chemical pollutants.
In present scenario, most of the organizations are putting their efforts to use these technologies to save energy consumption as well as to protect environment from unwanted pollutants.
Therefore, it is also catching its attention in IT field with an emerging Internet service known as green web hosting.
Green hosting is ecofriendly internet hosting technique to reduce environmental impact. It includes ‘sequestration’ or carbon-fixing, is conservation/ absorption of carbon dioxide and water into a sugar called glucose using sunlight energy and oxygen is produced as waste product. The plantation of trees is used to assist the offset of carbon dioxide emissions.
It also includes powering the data centers directly with renewable energy sources such as water, wind and solar energy. Moreover it includes energy conservation activities and use of energy saving appliances.
Why should we use green hosting?
The typical hosting operation requires a great deal of energy to power web servers and other network equipment. Environmental and cooling controls, fire-suppression systems, electronic security mechanisms and internet connections all call for the use of energy.
According to statistics, the world Internet usages are increasing rapidly. Jonathan Koomey a consulting professor at Standford University (a private research university, at Standford in California) whose research focuses on the economics of greenhouse gas emissions and the effects of information technology on resource use. This professor estimated that the total electricity bill to operate servers and related equipment was around $2.7 billion in US and $ 7.2 billion worldwide.
Therefore a webserver on an average produced 630 kg of carbon dioxide and consumes 1000 kWh of energy yearly. If the rate of energy consumption is increasing at this pace, the production of carbon dioxide will also increase rapidly. This rise would eventually result in increase in pollution.
On the other hand, the green hosting consume very less power and is ecofriendly. The concept of green web hosting has really launched in the last several years, and more hosting firms are jumping onboard to make a difference and reduce the damage and are known as green organizations.
These organizations follow the strict environmental guidelines. They not necessarily utilizes renewable sources of energy but they bear green certificates ( green tags or Renewable Energy Certificates or Tradable Renewable Certificates).These certificates are purchased to offset the use and cost of conventional energy, a certificate representing generation of 1 MegaWattHour (MWh) of electricity. The wind, solar, geothermal sources and biomass are considered as renewable under this certification.
The sites or hosting providers that contains green certificates promises to provide some or all of following facilities:
- Free set up
- Free word press and Drupal
- Free Web App firewall & security
- Free PHP, My SQL & Script installer
- Money back guarantee
- 24×7 technical support
- Free domain facility
- Free Shopping Cart
- Free tools & unlimited disk space
- Online help center with tutorials
- 100% solar or wind powered or both
- Consistent uptime of over 99%
These sites have affordable price between 3$ to 7$, provide fast speed and professional technical support to the users. Green web hosting companies are powered by wind and solar energy are carbon neutral.
Best green web hosts
Some of the best green web hosts which use solar, hydro or wind energy are listed below
- Green Greeks
- In motion hosting
- Host gator
- Web hosting huts
- i Page
- Fat cow
- Super green
- Host papa
- Dream host
- Web hosting pad
- Host monster
How to reduce environmental impact of web servers
The hosting organization or any organization can reduce their environmental impact by:
- Using low-voltage computer equipment.
- Upgrading Computer Room Air Conditioners (CRACs) and other HVAC components with more efficient units.
- Isolating cold air from hot air produced by the servers to improve loading of the HVAC equipment (which improves efficiency).
- The use of energy-efficient lighting and occupancy sensors in the building.
- Purchasing Renewable Energy Credits or producing renewable energy directly.
- Contributing to other Green organizations that promote energy efficiency and conservation, renewable energy.
- Plantation of more and more trees to aid offset CO2 emissions.
- Waste cleanup and utilizing recycling practices.
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